European Union

Economic and political union of European states

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of 27 member states that are located primarily in Europe. Its members have a combined area of 4,233,255.3 km2 (1,634,469.0 sq mi) and an estimated total population of about 447 million. The EU has developed an internal single market through a standardised system of laws that apply in all member states in those matters, and only those matters, where members have agreed to act as one. EU policies aim to ensure the free movement of people, goods, services and capital within the internal market; enact legislation in justice and home affairs; and maintain common policies on trade, agriculture, fisheries and regional development. Passport controls have been abolished for travel within the Schengen Area. A monetary union was established in 1999, coming into full force in 2002, and is composed of 19 EU member states which use the euro currency. The EU has often been described as a sui generis political entity.

European Union News and Videos   LIVE

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From January, EU citizens sentenced to more than a year in prison will be barred.
Credit: BBC News - Published 3 days ago

Facebook could face a large fine if Instagram is found to have broken European Union privacy laws.
Credit: BBC News - Published 6 days ago

The UK will continue to engage but only if the EU changes its position in key areas, says Michael Gove.
Credit: BBC News - Published 6 days ago

Boris Johnson has not walked away from trade talks - but says the EU must change direction to save them.
Credit: BBC News - Published 1 week ago

European leaders appeared united at the start of their two-day summit, and this is what they had to say.
Credit: BBC News - Published 1 week ago

The EU wants to keep pushing for a deal beyond the end-of-week deadline set by Boris Johnson.
Credit: BBC News - Published 1 week ago

Russian security officials face EU sanctions over the attack on Kremlin critic Alexei Navalny.
Credit: BBC News - Published 1 week ago

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